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MLA Citation Guide

Book with one author

Edugyan, Esi. Half-Blood Blues. Thomas Allen Publishers, 2011.

Book with two authors

Tetlock, Philip E., and Dan Gardner. Superforecasting: The Art and Science of Prediction. Crown Publishers, 2015.

Book with three or more authors

Charon, Rita, et al. The Principles and Practices of Narrative Medicine. Oxford UP, 2017.

Author unknown

Beowulf. Translated by Alan Sullivan and Timothy Murphy, edited by Sarah Anderson, Pearson, 2004.

Tip:  If no author is given begin the entry with the title of the work

Organization as author & publisher

MLA Handbook. 9th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2021.

Tip:  When an organization is both author and publisher, skip the Author element and begin the entry with the title of the work

Republished book

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus. 1831. Folio Society, 2004.

Tip:  The original publication date can be given after the title of the source (i.e. in the middle supplemental element) for republished works

Edited book

Milton, John. The Riverside Milton. Edited by Roy Flannagan, Houghton Mifflin, 1998.

Graphic novel (with illustrator)

Atwood, Margaret. The Handmaid’s Tale: The Graphic Novel. Art & adaptation by Renée Nault, McClelland & Stewart, 2019.

Tip:  Use labels such as “illustrated by” to describe the role of contributors to graphic novels

Poem or Short Story

Dean, Leesa. “Conflict Zone.” Waiting for the Cyclone: Stories, Brindle & Glass, 2016, pp. 93-110.

Poem or Short Story (with an editor)

Robinson, Eden. “Queen of the North.” The Penguin Anthology of Stories by Canadian Women, edited by Denise Chong, Penguin, 1998, pp. 130-56.

Chapter or Essay

Postman, Neil, and Steve Powers. “The Bias of Language, the Bias of Pictures.” How to Watch TV News, rev. ed., Penguin Books, 2008, pp. 101-114.

Tip:  The title of the source (poem, short story, chapter, or essay) is put in quotation marks.  The title of the container (the book) is put in italics.


Chekhov, Anton Pavlovich. The Cherry Orchard. Plays and Stories, translated by S.S. Koteliansky, Dent, 1937, pp. 3-52.

Tip:  Both the title of the source (the play) and the title of the container (the book) are put in italics

Ebook from a library database

Williams, Paul. Dreaming the Graphic Novel: The Novelization of Comics. Rutgers UP, 2020. EBSCOhost,

Tip:  Provide the DOI or permalink for books from a library database

Ebook from a website

Poe, Edgar Allan. “The Masque of the Red Death.” The Complete Works of Edgar Allan Poe, edited by James A. Harrison, vol. 4, Thomas Y. Crowell, 1902, pp. 250-58. HathiTrust Digital Library,

Tip:  Provide the URL for a book from a website

Ebook from an ebook reader

MLA Handbook. 9th ed., e-book ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2021.

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