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APA Style Guide

Personal communications

Personal communications are works that cannot be accessed by your readers. These may be verbal, including interviews or unrecorded classroom lectures, or these may be written, including emails or text messages.

Personal communications are only cited in the text of your paper. No entry is provided in the list of References. 

Template in-text

Initial(s) and surname of communicator, personal communication, exact date

Tip: Optionally, you may provide the person’s full name, title, location, or any other details you feel are relevant

Parenthetical in-text: (A. Graeme, personal communication, June 4, 2020)

Narrative in-text: A. Graeme (personal communication, June 4, 2020)

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Selkirk College acknowledges the traditional territories of the Sinixt (Lakes), the Syilx (Okanagan), the Ktunaxa and the Secw├ępemc (Shuswap) Peoples.
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